The research programme on Energy, Climate Change and Sustainable Development focuses on key global issues around energy, natural resources and the environment that affect the UAE, and examining the role of diplomacy in supporting low-emission and climate-resilient development in the UAE and worldwide.


  • Nov 2019 + EDA Insight

    GEAR Series: Advancing the Sustainable Energy Agenda: Governance and Cooperation in the Arab Region

    Dr Deepti Mahajan Mittal

    The Insight argues that a two-pronged approach is needed to enhance regional governance of sustainable energy: expanding and deepening the scope of ‘issues’ and the strengthening of governance ‘processes’. The former requires countries to work through regional governance institutions to: further energy data and information management; co-develop infrastructure projects; and cooperate on technology research and development, and sustainable technology finance. The latter calls for increased accountability as well as consideration of diverse energy constituencies.


  • Oct 2019 + EDA Insight

    GEAR Series: Regional Water Governance and Cooperation in the Arab Region

    Dr Waleed K. Al-Zubari

    This EDA Insight presents and analyses the existing regional water governance framework and current regional cooperation initiatives aimed at tackling the Arab region’s immense water challenges. It provides a number of recommendations to enhance regional cooperation to achieve sustainable water management and ultimately to serve and support sustainable development in the Arab region.


  • Sep 2019 + EDA Insight

    GEAR Series: Governance and Cooperation over Food and SDG 2 in the Arab Region

    Dr Martin Keulertz and Dr Rabi Mohtar

    This EDA Insight examines gaps in addressing Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2, on zero hunger, in the Arab region and provides recommendations on how to leverage the potential of regional governance and cooperation in four key areas: trade, technological innovation and investments, subsidies and diets.

  • Sep 2019 + EDA Insight

    Breakthrough of Hydrogen Technologies until 2030: Chances and Risks for Gulf Countries, International Policy Implications

    Dr Axel Michaelowa and Sonja Butzengeiger

    This EDA Insight provides an overview of the current global climate and energy policies, the state of hydrogen technologies and demand today and until 2030. From this, it derives recommendations for how Gulf countries could position themselves in the emerging hydrogen markets, also with a view to economic diversification.


  • Jul 2019 + EDA Insight

    GEAR Series: Climate Change Governance and Cooperation in the Arab Region

    Dr Aisha Al-Sarihi and Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight explores ways in which advancing regional governance and cooperation can play a role in helping Arab countries address the challenge of climate change, and progress towards the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals.

  • May 2019 + EDA Reflection

    ‘Excellence in Implementation’: The UAE Model in Reaching the Global Agenda 2030

    H.E. Abdulla Nasser Lootah

    In this EDA Reflection, H.E. Lootah outlines the UAE model for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) nationally and globally, in cooperation with multiple stakeholders.


  • Apr 2019 + EDA Working Paper

    Environmental Security: Addressing Water and Climate Change Risks in the UAE

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This Working Paper examines the drivers and consequences of environmental insecurity for the UAE and puts forward suggested actions for the government at the domestic, regional and global levels on how to enhance environmental security, particularly with regards to water scarcity and climate change.

  • Jan 2019 + EDA Reflection

    Universities and Sustainable Development in the Arab Region

    Professor Jeffrey D. Sachs

    In this EDA Reflection, Prof. Sachs argues that the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) offer an important opportunity for the Arab region to reposition its universities to be among the global leaders.


  • Dec 2018 + EDA Insight

    FRET Series: International Cooperation on SDG 7 on Affordable and Clean Energy for All

    Dr Johannes Urpelainen

    This EDA Insight maps the challenges and opportunities related to achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 for the UAE and other GCC countries. International collaborations and commercial opportunities outside the GCC can help the Gulf countries reap reputational, technological and economic benefits from the quest for low-carbon energy and universal energy access under increasingly stringent carbon constraints.


  • Dec 2018 + EDA Insight

    FRET Series: Regional Electricity Cooperation in the GCC

    Laura El-Katiri

    This EDA Insight examines the benefits of a developing a regional market for electricity trade across the GCC. It also identifies enabling factors that could help the GCC countries establish an increasingly dynamic market space, including: diversifying the regional energy mix; harmonizing national regulations and organisational structures; unbundling national power sectors; and expanding grid capacity.


  • Dec 2018 + EDA Insight

    FRET Series: Bilateral Energy Diplomacy in a Time of Energy Transition

    Dr Steven Griffiths

    This EDA Insight provides an overview and analysis of bilateral energy diplomacy as a foreign policy tool. The strategic objectives of bilateral energy diplomacy for GCC countries are analysed and then considered specifically within the context of the UAE. The UAE case study yields foreign policy conclusions and recommendations that serve as useful guidance for all hydrocarbon-exporting countries.


  • Dec 2018 + EDA Insight

    FRET Series: The Foreign Relations of Energy Transitions – Framing the Issue for the UAE

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight is the first in a series of four briefing papers that examine the ‘foreign relations of energy transitions’ from the UAE’s perspective. This paper frames the overall challenge for the UAE and other Gulf Arab energy exporters which, due to structural similarities, will be facing many of the same external challenges. It also looks at the UAE’s own domestic energy transition and explores how the UAE is currently positioned in the global energy transition.

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    Time for Strong Partnerships for the SDGs Nov 2018 Rt Hon Helen Clark, Patron of the Helen Clark Foundation, Former New Zealand Prime Minister and Former UNDP Administrator View More
    Nov 2018 + EDA Reflection

    Time for Strong Partnerships for the SDGs

    Rt Hon Helen Clark, Patron of the Helen Clark Foundation, Former New Zealand Prime Minister and Former UNDP Administrator

    In this EDA Reflection, Helen Clark describes the kinds of partnerships that are needed for the SDGs to succeed. These should be built at different levels and by diverse stakeholders, and they should enable both financing and implementation.


  • Oct 2018 + EDA Insight

    West Asia Regional Cooperation on Water and Sustainable Development Goal 6

    Dr Mohamed Abdelraouf

    This EDA Insight focuses on the status of cooperation of shared water resources and its link to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 (‘Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all’) in the Arab West Asian countries. It argues that water diplomacy could play a role in bringing countries and stakeholders together to develop policies and practices for optimal utilisation of the region’s shared water resources.

  • Oct 2018 + EDA Insight

    Enabling Leadership from the UAE’s Private Sector on Global Climate Action

    Mashael Al Ansari and Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight provides an overview of existing climate action taken by the UAE’s private sector and introduces the government’s approach towards encouraging private sector engagement in this area. It also puts forward suggestions for the government on further ways to incentivise climate action by the UAE’s private sector by leveraging the various international dimensions of these companies’ operations.

  • May 2018 + EDA Working Paper

    Engaging Gulf Non-state and Subnational Actors in Implementing the Paris Agreement

    Tanzeed Alam and Dr Mari Luomi

    This Working Paper explores ways in which non-state and subnational actors in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries can help in implementing the Paris Agreement on climate change. It puts forward a series of action-oriented recommendations for both GCC non-state and subnational actors and governments.

  • Mar 2018 + EDA Insight

    Leveraging Market Mechanisms for Climate Change Mitigation in the UAE and the Gulf Region

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight provides an overview of recent developments around international market mechanisms for greenhouse gas emission reductions and analyses their relevance for GCC countries, in particular the UAE.


  • Feb 2018 + EDA Insight

    Implementing the Sustainable Development Goals – Early Experiences in the Arab Region

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight highlights efforts by Arab countries to date in enhancing the frameworks for regional and domestic governance for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals and suggests areas for further emphasis.

  • Nov 2017 + EDA Insight

    Global Governance of Carbon Capture and Storage: Role for the GCC?

    Robin Mills

    This EDA Insight examines the global governance of carbon capture and storage (CCS): how it operates today, how it may be strengthened to advance this important climate technology, and what role the UAE and other GCC states should play.


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    The Age of Renewable Energy Diplomacy Oct 2017 Adnan Z. Amin, IRENA Director-General View More
    Oct 2017 + EDA Reflection

    The Age of Renewable Energy Diplomacy

    Adnan Z. Amin, IRENA Director-General

    In this EDA Reflection, Adnan Z. Amin, Director-General of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), reflects on how the rise of renewables will change the geopolitical landscape for the better, and how diplomats can make the most of the age of renewable energy.


  • Aug 2017 + EDA Insight

    The UAE/Saudi Arabia–East Asia Energy Relations: Towards More Dynamic and Diverse

    Dr Makio Yamada

    This Insight explores the changing patterns of energy relations between the UAE/Saudi Arabia and East Asian countries.


  • Aug 2017 + EDA Insight

    Synergies between Global Food Security and Climate Goals: Recommendations for Gulf Countries’ Foreign Trade, Investments and Aid

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This policy brief suggests measures that GCC countries could adopt in their foreign policies, drawing from international best practices and knowledge on the interlinkages between food security and climate change.

  • Jul 2017 + EDA Working Paper

    GCC States and Energy Pricing Reform: Building and Using International Frameworks of Cooperation

    Tom S. H. Moerenhout

    This working paper analyses existing international frameworks of cooperation on energy pricing reform, from the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries’ perspective, focusing in particular on norm-creation in an international policy setting and technical assistance to domestic reforms, and makes related policy recommendations.

  • Jun 2017 + EDA Insight

    Financing Sustainable Development through Development Cooperation: Role for Arab Donors

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This Insight explores ways in which development cooperation donors can support the implementation of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA). It makes suggestions regarding how the GCC, as well as other ‘emerging’ donors, could support the implementation of the AAAA through their development cooperation policies and measures, and strengthen their role in shaping the new international framework for development cooperation and finance.

  • May 2017 + EDA Insight

    Global Trends in Oil and Energy: Implications for the GCC and Foreign Policy Responses

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight examines how global energy markets are evolving, what this could mean for Gulf oil exporters, and how these countries could respond through the means of foreign policy. It draws from discussions, and presentations by Dr Bassam Fattouh of the Oxford Institute of Energy Studies, at an energy stakeholder workshop held at the EDA in May 2017.


  • Feb 2017 + EDA Working Paper

    Food and Foreign Policy: Options for the UAE and Other Import-Dependent Countries

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This Working Paper examines different ways in which food and foreign policy interact, and highlights important issue linkages and lessons learned from past and present experience, with a particular emphasis on the United Arab Emirates.

  • Jan 2017 + EDA Report

    Preparing 21st Century Diplomats: EDA’s Experience with Immersive Training in Climate Change Negotiations

    Dr Mari Luomi and Asma Al Blooshi (Eds.)

    This booklet shares the experiences of the course that the EDA offered to its postgraduate diploma students on UN climate change negotiations in 2016. The course experimented with a mix of preparatory and immersive training, and included participation in the UN Climate Change Conference in Marrakesh.


  • Jan 2017 + EDA Insight

    United States’ Energy and Climate Policy under President Trump: Ramifications for Energy Markets and the GCC

    Dr Jim Krane and Elsie Hung

    This EDA Insight explores how US energy and climate policies could change under the Trump administration, and what implications these could have in the US itself, for energy markets globally and for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states.


  • Nov 2016 + EDA Insight

    The UN Marrakesh Climate Change Conference: Aligning the UNFCCC with the Post-Paris Era

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight evaluates the UN Marrakesh Climate Change Conference’s outcomes and looks at expectations going forward. It also suggests how the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states could support global climate action in ways that also promote economic diversification and regional cooperation.

  • Oct 2016 + EDA Insight

    Tackling CO2 Emissions from International Aviation: Challenges and Opportunities Generated by the Market Mechanism ‘CORSIA’

    Dr Axel Michaelowa

    This EDA Insight analyses the challenges and opportunities of the CORSIA and its implications for countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and their airlines. It makes recommendations to the UAE government and relevant ministry officials with regards to the CORSIA’s implementation.


  • Jul 2016 + EDA Inside

    Operationalising and Implementing the Paris Agreement: Issues of Interest for the GCC Countries

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight examines some of the key actions required to operationalize and implement the Paris Agreement. It provides a brief assessment of the progress made by countries so far in 2016 and of expectations going forward, and explores related opportunities and challenges for the Gulf Cooperation Council states.

  • May 2016 + EDA Working Paper

    Global Governance of the Energy-Climate Nexus: Towards National Engagement Strategies

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This working paper takes an actor-centric approach to the issue of global governance of energy and climate change in the post-2015 era by asking: (1) what kind of a global institutional landscape is currently governing the energy-climate nexus; and (2) how can states most efficiently engage with it?

  • Dec 2015 + EDA Insight

    The Paris Agreement on Climate Change – Implications for the UAE

    Dr Mari Luomi

    This EDA Insight unpacks the Paris Agreement, discussing its role in the global response to climate change, and presenting some of the agreements key elements. It also includes an initial consideration of the direct and indirect implications of the Paris Agreement for the UAE.



  • Food and Foreign Policy - Dr Mari Luomi May 2017 Watch
  • Operationalising the Paris Agreement - Dr Mari Luomi Aug 2016 Watch